This chapter concludes and comments on the main points of the arguments between Croker and Macaulay. The quarrel in parliament had been recalled to men's minds by the republication, in 1846, of Macaulay's essay on Croker's Boswell. However, Croker's review of Macaulay has been judged as a failed reprisal. The reply which accompanied the second edition of his Boswell had been ignored. The whole History is filled with pride in England's achievements. But Macaulay also conveyed the message that only free people can acquire a responsible government and improve it so that its benefits extend to all classes. Macaulay immerses his readers in what he wants them to know and presents a work of history which is also a work of art. By contrast, Croker's work is largely forgotten. In part this is because his reputation went down with the protectionist cause he supported.
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