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Calvinism on the Frontier 1600–1660International Calvinism and the Reformed Church in Hungary and Transylvania$
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Graeme Murdock

Print publication date: 2000

Print ISBN-13: 9780198208594

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: October 2011

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198208594.001.0001

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The Hungarian Reformation

The Hungarian Reformation

(p.10) 1 The Hungarian Reformation
Calvinism on the Frontier 1600–1660

Graeme Murdock

Oxford University Press

The success of the reformation in sixteenth-century Hungary was primarily linked to the perceived attractions within Hungarian society of ideas about religious renewal, but was also closely connected with significant political changes of the period, above all the catastrophic collapse of the Hungarian kingdom and dramatic expansion of Ottoman power in the northern Balkans. In the remaining parts of Hungary not occupied by the Ottomans, surviving Hungarian nobles were largely left to maintain order, grabbing vacated ecclesiastical lands without censure from either of the rival monarchs, both of whom were anxious to garner their support. The progress of the reformation in Hungary and Transylvania was profoundly affected by Ottoman involvement in Hungarian politics. The fortunes of the Hungarian Reformed church suffered as Transylvania declined from a golden age of independence. Catholic persecution of Protestants in Royal Hungary increased, and there were further conversions to Catholicism among noble families, including the Rákóczis.

Keywords:   Hungary, reformation, Transylvania, Ottomans, Hungarian nobles, Hungarian politics, Reformed church, Protestants, Catholicism

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