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Farm Production in England 1700-1914$
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M. E. Turner, J. V. Beckett, and B. Afton

Print publication date: 2001

Print ISBN-13: 9780198208044

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: January 2010

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198208044.001.0001

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The Farmers and their Records

The Farmers and their Records

(p.27) Chapter 2 The Farmers and their Records
Farm Production in England 1700-1914

M. E. Turner (Contributor Webpage)

J. V. Beckett (Contributor Webpage)

B. Afton

Oxford University Press

Modern farming is a business in which the farmers operate a business model that combines various inputs to produce the measurable farm output. From this they can estimate profit and loss and profitability, and in the light of such estimates the business model can be adjusted accordingly. This chapter suggests that farmers in the past also practiced according to business methods. The dominant difference is that in the past they were accountable mainly to themselves whereas today they are also accountable to the Inland Revenue, the Ministry, and to the EC. Modern practice generates paperwork, whereas in the past details of farm management and output were collected less systematically and with variable needs to preserve the ensuing records. This chapter discusses the farmers, the kinds of records they generated, and the approximate survival rate of those records. It concludes with a chronological and geographical summary of the records that have been selected and which the authors use to assess farm production in the period.

Keywords:   farming, farmers, farm output, farm records, business model

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