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The Christianization of IcelandPriests, Power, and Social Change 1000-1300$
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Orri Vesteinsson

Print publication date: 2000

Print ISBN-13: 9780198207993

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: October 2011

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198207993.001.0001

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Churches and Property

Churches and Property

Chapter:
(p.93) 3 Churches and Property
Source:
The Christianization of Iceland
Author(s):

Orri Vésteinsson

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198207993.003.0004

This chapter examines the different types of evidence for early churches and church building, with emphasis on changing ideas regarding ownership and ecclesiastical property. An inventory of churches from Bishop Páll of Skálholt's diocese survives in several manuscripts from the seventeenth century, listing 242 churches, but giving the total as 220. This means that by 1200, the number of ministries had reached the level it would stay at throughout the middle ages. Meanwhile, there were two types of charters in the twelfth century: the records of the property belonging to a church and the documents recording the conditions under which a church was held by its caretaker.

Keywords:   early churches, ownership, ecclesiastical property, ministries, charter

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