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Frontiers of Medicine in the Anglo-Egyptian Sudan, 1899–1940$
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Heather Bell

Print publication date: 1999

Print ISBN-13: 9780198207498

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: October 2011

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198207498.001.0001

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Medical Policy and Medical Practitioners

Medical Policy and Medical Practitioners

(p.22) 2 Medical Policy and Medical Practitioners
Frontiers of Medicine in the Anglo-Egyptian Sudan, 1899–1940

Heather Bell

Oxford University Press

This chapter provides an overview of the medical administration in the Anglo-Egyptian Sudan between 1899 and 1940, arguing that the distinctive form of colonialism developed in Sudan shaped the medical services provided. It also discusses the different categories of personnel who practised Western medicine on behalf of the colonial state. Analysis of biographical information about Britain's military and civilian doctors and their terms of service suggests that both groups were middle class, well educated, and enjoyed financial and social standing comparable to their political counterparts. A discussion of Syrian and Sudanese medical personnel demonstrates clearly the way in which politics and economic policy influenced who delivered which medical services in different parts of the country at particular points in time. It also shows that British doctors' perception of racial difference, and their class, gender, and occupation hierarchies structured the training of Sudanese medical personnel and the medical service, counterbalancing the fluidity of the boundary drawn around the profession of medicine in Sudan.

Keywords:   Sudan, medical administration, colonialism, medical services, medical personnel, training, doctors, Western medicine, economic policy, Britain

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