This book has been devoted to identifying certain elements which were to be prominent in modern pagan witchcraft, and tracing their development over a period of one or two hundred years before it appeared. This chapter examines ways in which some of them were combined in a sample of prominent individuals and organizations operating in the last seventy years before that emergence. The object of this exercise is to illustrate how complex, how personal, and how variable that process of combination could be, and how much it involved negotiation and assimilation with belief systems more conventional in the 19th- and early 20th-century British world. None of the people concerned can be regarded as normative; they were all fairly remarkable by the standards of their day. For all this, their experiences do help to reveal something of the way in which areas of British culture began the transition to a post-Christian society. The exercise begins with a trio of authors united by the characteristic that all enjoyed exceptional success in serving the market in popular fiction between 1880 and 1910: H. Rider Haggard, Rudyard Kipling, and Kenneth Grahame.
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