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Papacy and Law in the Gregorian RevolutionThe Canonistic Work of Anselm of Lucca$
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Kathleen G. Cushing

Print publication date: 1998

Print ISBN-13: 9780198207245

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: October 2011

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198207245.001.0001

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Anselm and Coercion: A Legal Form of Persuasion

Anselm and Coercion: A Legal Form of Persuasion

(p.122) 4 Anselm and Coercion: A Legal Form of Persuasion
Papacy and Law in the Gregorian Revolution

Kathleen G. Cushing

Oxford University Press

This chapter discusses the schism and the justification for the doctrine of coercion. In Anselm’s view, the Church was obliged to confront, persuade, and comprehend dissident or separated forces in order to fulfill its mission. It offers a new ecclesiology that was perhaps an inevitable product of the schism. Coercive force under such circumstances was not a matter of personal will or arbitrary discretion, but the duty of a true pastor ecclesiae. In the final books of his Collectio canonum, Anselm’s interest with ecclesiastical property seems to have come from the schism: material resources were just unjustly being seized, with the effect of leaving the Church debilitated. In full possession of resources, the Church would be able to defend itself from schism, and to restore, by force if necessary, the unity that was the objective of Anselm’s doctrine of coercion.

Keywords:   coercion, schism, ecclesiastical property, Collectio canonum, force

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