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France: The Dark Years,
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Julian Jackson

Print publication date: 2001

Print ISBN-13: 9780198207061

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: October 2011

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198207061.001.0001

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De Gaulle and the Resistance 1942

De Gaulle and the Resistance 1942

(p.427) 18 De Gaulle and the Resistance 1942
France: The Dark Years, 1940–1944

Julian Jackson

Oxford University Press

This chapter examines how de Gaulle and the Resistance — two originally parallel and separate enterprises converged and interlinked. The first signs that the Resistance was making some impact on the population emerged in the second half of 1942. There was an impressive response to the joint appeal from the Southern movements for people to demonstrate on 14 July wearing the national colours. Sixty-six demonstrations took place, two-thirds of them in the Southern Zone. In Lyons and Marseilles, the crowds numbered 15,000. For the first time, the growing disaffection from Vichy had been translated into collective action. In many places, these demonstrations tapped into local political traditions and exploited local symbols of republicanism. Paradoxically, the very success of resistance started to cause problems for the Resistance leaders at the end of 1942. As resistance became a wider social phenomenon, it became more difficult for them to control. They were faced with competitors in their ambition to mobilize the French population, most importantly the Socialists and Communists. This challenge to the Resistance leaders from within France occurred just as they were also beginning to wake up to the challenge from outside France in the form of de Gaulle.

Keywords:   France, de Gaulle, Resistance movement, Moulin, Communists, Vichy regime

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