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Poland’s Last King and English Culture$
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Richard Butterwick

Print publication date: 1993

Print ISBN-13: 9780198207016

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: October 2011

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198207016.001.0001

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Stanisław’s Visit to England in 1754

Stanisław’s Visit to England in 1754

Chapter:
(p.102) 5 Stanisław’s Visit to England in 1754
Source:
Poland’s Last King and English Culture
Author(s):

Butterwick Richard

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198207016.003.0006

Stanislaw August's education and friendship with Williams prepared the ground for his Anglophilia, but it was his stay in England that made him a confirmed Anglophile. Stanislaw August neither marvelled at English religious toleration nor rhapsodised over English liberty. Stanislaw August travelled with Williams to The Hague, from where Williams went to England, leaving Stanislaw August with Joseph Yorke. He arrived in Paris on 24 September 1753. Afterwards, he received an order from his father to travel to England. Stanislaw August admired the British ways, yet he thought the education of the English too often produced not healthy individualism, but egoism and political corruption. Stanislaw August had met Charles Yorke, who made a profound impact upon him. They shared what may be called enlightened and cosmopolitan patriotism. It was as his father would have wished. Stanislaw August could best serve his country by absorbing the best of what England had to offer, and pass it on to his compatriots.

Keywords:   English liberty, Joseph Yorke, Paris, education, individualism, egoism, political corruption, Charles Yorke, enlightened patriotism, cosmopolitan patriotism

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