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The Proprietary Church in the Medieval West$
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Susan Wood

Print publication date: 2006

Print ISBN-13: 9780198206972

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: May 2011

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198206972.001.0001

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The emergence of bishops' lordship over monasteries

The emergence of bishops' lordship over monasteries

Chapter:
(p.191) 8 The emergence of bishops' lordship over monasteries
Source:
The Proprietary Church in the Medieval West
Author(s):

Susan Wood

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198206972.003.0009

That some regular monasteries came eventually into the proprietary lordship of bishops was not (as it could be for city basilicas) a natural outcome of their sharing in the primitive common property of the diocese; they never did, since monks were not originally clergy nor monasteries identified with churches. Nor were bishops' general claims on monasteries of the diocese ‘proprietary’ or even partially so; they were claims to authority, though with strongly economic implications on which monks' and founders' anxieties (as acknowledged in seventh-century bishops' privileges) were largely but far from exclusively focused. However, founders' attitudes to episcopal authority were increasingly coloured by lordship. This chapter argues that eighth-century bishops could hardly counter this, but competed with it by establishing their own proprietary lordship in particular cases.

Keywords:   monasteries, proprietary church, bishops, lordship, property, authority, monks

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