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The Death of the KPDCommunism and Anti-Communism in West Germany, 1945-1956$
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Patrick Major

Print publication date: 1998

Print ISBN-13: 9780198206934

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: October 2011

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198206934.001.0001

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Waiting for Stunde Null Exiled Leaders and Resistance Cadres

Waiting for Stunde Null Exiled Leaders and Resistance Cadres

Chapter:
(p.21) 1 Waiting for Stunde Null Exiled Leaders and Resistance Cadres
Source:
The Death of the KPD
Author(s):

Patrick Major

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198206934.003.0002

This chapter examines the prehistory of the Kommunistische Partei Deutschlands (KPD) in West Germany before 1945. The Republic's final years had conditioned the political behaviour of the post-war KPD. In 1932, the KPD made a quantitative success in terms of vote and membership. However, most of the votes were protest votes and the vast majority of a fluctuating mass membership were unemployed and difficult to integrate into a stable Communist milieu. After the war, the KPD returned to a significantly different social condition, and its readjustment process lasted well into the 1950s. The Nazi persecution also kept the Communist resistance cadres in a form of suspended animation, unable to return to leadership.

Keywords:   social condition, membership, Communist resistance, politcal behaviour, Nazi persecution

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