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Classes and CulturesEngland 1918-1951$
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Ross McKibbin

Print publication date: 1998

Print ISBN-13: 9780198206729

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: September 2011

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198206729.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM OXFORD SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.oxfordscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Oxford University Press, 2019. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in OSO for personal use. date: 23 September 2019

The Working Class (I)

The Working Class (I)

Chapter:
(p.106) IV The Working Class (I)
Source:
Classes and Cultures
Author(s):

Ross McKibbin

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198206729.003.0004

This chapter examines England's working class, dealing with occupation, wages, and work. It examines the structure of employment and unemployment, the changing pattern of working-class earnings over the period, the ways in which working men and women sought work, and how far they were ready to go to find it. It also considers the culture of work and the degree to which it differed between men and women, industrial relations and the role of trade unions, and how far industrial relations determined a working-class view of history. The culture of the English working man was profoundly work-centred. For many people, work was life. Women, however, worked for lower wages in unskilled jobs which men were reluctant to take, were largely un-unionized, and invested much less of their lives in the workplace. Lastly, the chapter examines the lives of the unemployed and how people coped with unemployment.

Keywords:   England, working class, occupation, wages, employment, work, unions

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