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Marginal EuropeThe Contribution of Marginal Lands since the Middle Ages$
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Sidney Pollard

Print publication date: 1997

Print ISBN-13: 9780198206385

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: October 2011

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198206385.001.0001

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The Industrial Revolution and the Location of Proto-Industry

The Industrial Revolution and the Location of Proto-Industry

(p.221) 10 The Industrial Revolution and the Location of Proto-Industry
Marginal Europe


Oxford University Press

The well-known term, the Industrial Revolution, is traditionally applied to the transformation of the British economy between 1760 and 1850. This chapter returns to the British Industrial Revolution and the contribution made to it by some of the ‘marginal’ areas of England, Scotland, and Wales, against a setting of other European ‘proto-industrial’ regions and their experience. Despite some conspicuous exceptions, the major share of the more advanced type of industrial and commercial activity of the eighteenth century described as ‘proto-industry’ was concentrated in the marginal areas of Europe. The argument of the whole of the study may be summarized by saying that, having been placed in that position, the marginal regions were exceptionally well equipped to push it forward vigorously, to lead the rest of Europe to a significant extent and for a considerable period of time.

Keywords:   innovation, Industrial Revolution, England, Scotland, Wales, British economy

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