Disarmament and arms control are firmly associated in the public mind with efforts to maintain international peace through compromise and negotiation. However, there is a much older type of disarmament, which is not the product of give and take but is imposed upon a defeated enemy. Forced disarmament, the subject of this book, is the United Nations' policy today in Iraq because of its defeat in the Gulf War. Given that there is no way of insuring against revanchism, it is not surprising that Western democracies have insisted on disarming their enemies after every major victory since 1815. Germany and Japan accepted their disarmament in 1945 so it could go hand in hand with a policy of reconciliation. The effectiveness and durability of enforced disarmament measures, as well as the resistance they are likely to encounter, are issues with important strategic and political implications. This book looks at the most important peace settlements from the time of Napoleon Bonaparte to Saddam Hussein.
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