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The Carmelites and Antiquity – Mendicants and their Pasts in the Middle Ages | Oxford Scholarship Online
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The Carmelites and Antiquity: Mendicants and their Pasts in the Middle Ages

Andrew Jotischky


The Carmelite Order began when a group of hermits settled in a regulated community on Mt Carmel in the kingdom of Jerusalem in the first decade of the 13th century. As the hermits began to found new houses across Christendom, they adopted mendicant practices and developed legendary traditions designed to extend their putative history back before 1200. The Carmelite historical legendary sought to associate generic eremitical monasticism and its Old Testament precursors with the Carmelite Order in order to claim that the Order, founded by Elijah, represented the oldest form of monasticism. This ... More

Keywords: Carmelites, mendicants, hermits, traditions, Old Testament

Bibliographic Information

Print publication date: 2002 Print ISBN-13: 9780198206347
Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: January 2010 DOI:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198206347.001.0001


Affiliations are at time of print publication.

Andrew Jotischky, author
Senior Lecturer in History, University of Lancaster
Author Webpage