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ServantsEnglish Domestics in the Eighteenth Century$
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Bridget Hill

Print publication date: 1996

Print ISBN-13: 9780198206217

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: October 2011

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198206217.001.0001

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Male and Female Servants

Male and Female Servants

(p.22) 2 Male and Female Servants

Bridget Hill

Oxford University Press

This chapter examines the reasons behind the employment of male and female servants in England during the 18th century. It analyses the differences between the status of male and female servants in terms of wages and working conditions and the sexual division of labour in households. Most female servants worked as lady's maids, chambermaids, and kitchen maids while the males usually worked as valets, footmen, butlers, and coachmen. However, in the course of the 18th century the number of make servants began to decline and by the mid-19th century the majority of domestic servants were female.

Keywords:   male servants, female servants, domestic service, sexual differences, England

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