The final days before Giuseppe Garibaldi's departure for Sicily were a time of feverish preparations. In Salemi, Francesco Crispi's main task was to start forming a provisional government. This chapter chronicles the revolution in Italy and the role of Crispi and Garibaldi in it; the victory of Garibaldi and his men over the Bourbon forces that were blocking the road to Palermo a few miles to the northeast at Calatafimi; Garibaldi's emergence as the leader of an alternative government to that of the Bourbons and his creation of a new post of Secretary of State, with Crispi as its first incumbent; Garibaldi's capture of Palermo; Crispi's power struggle with his rival, Giuseppe La Farina; Crispi's attempt to bolster the position of the democrats in Sicily; Garibaldi's sending of Agostino Depretis to Palermo to serve as Pro-Dictator in his absence; the surrender of Garibaldi's men to Victor Emmanuel's troops; and the annexation of the southern provinces to Piedmont.
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