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Ireland: A New Economic History 1780–1939$
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Cormac Gráda Ó

Print publication date: 1995

Print ISBN-13: 9780198205982

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: October 2011

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198205982.001.0001

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Farming on the Eve of the Great Famine: Output and Productivity

Farming on the Eve of the Great Famine: Output and Productivity

(p.112) 5 Farming on the Eve of the Great Famine: Output and Productivity
Ireland: A New Economic History 1780–1939

Cormac Ó Gráda

Oxford University Press

Thomas Larcom's statistics on Ireland's agriculture for 1848 provide data on crop acreages and livestock by poor law union and barony, and on crop yields by county. From 1854 onwards, cross-tabulations by farm size were published for two decades. The 1847 enumeration put the total acreage under grain at 3.3 million and that under potatoes at 0.3 million; it counted 2.5 million cattle, 0.6 million pigs, and 2.2 million sheep. The potato and pig numbers were dramatically reduced by the Great Famine. Still, the 1847 census, coupled with a variety of contemporary censal and price data and input-output estimates, forms the basis of several recent estimates of Irish agricultural output before and after the Famine. This chapter investigates the status of farming in Ireland on the eve of the Great Famine, focusing on agricultural output and agricultural productivity, land tenure, landlords, and tenants.

Keywords:   statistics, Ireland, agriculture, farming, Great Famine, agricultural output, agricultural productivity, land tenure, landlords, tenants

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