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Ireland: A New Economic History 1780–1939$
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Cormac Gráda Ó

Print publication date: 1995

Print ISBN-13: 9780198205982

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: October 2011

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198205982.001.0001

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The Economy, 1780–1815

The Economy, 1780–1815

(p.24) 2 The Economy, 1780–1815
Ireland: A New Economic History 1780–1939

Cormac Ó Gráda

Oxford University Press

Sir William Petty (1623–87) is best remembered by Irish economic historians for his estimates of population and income and by geographers for his maps and surveys. In both fields he was a pioneer, and his work forms the starting point for all subsequent inquiries. Petty also produced estimates of agricultural productivity in Ireland in the 1660s, presumably based on his own observations in the south. His measuring rod was the ratio of output to seed planted, the crop yield ratio. In terms of thoroughness, detail, and methodology, Arthur Young's Tour in Ireland, marks a giant leap forward over Petty and this book considered the most comprehensive guide to Irish agriculture in the late 18th century. This chapter looks at Irish agriculture, agricultural exports, and land tenure from 1780 to 1815. It also discusses Ireland's four different regional archetypes identified by Kevin Whelans: the pastoral, the tillage, the small farm, and the proto-industrial.

Keywords:   Ireland, agriculture, exports, land tenure, tillage, small farm, agricultural productivity, William Petty, Arthur Young

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