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Ireland: A New Economic History 1780–1939$
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Cormac Gráda Ó

Print publication date: 1995

Print ISBN-13: 9780198205982

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: October 2011

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198205982.001.0001

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Industry, c. 1780–1914: An Overview

Industry, c. 1780–1914: An Overview

Chapter:
(p.273) 12 Industry, c. 1780–1914: An Overview
Source:
Ireland: A New Economic History 1780–1939
Author(s):

Cormac Ó Gráda

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198205982.003.0012

The common perception of 19th-century Ireland is of an economy overwhelmingly dominated by agriculture. This squares poorly with the census of 1821, where over two-fifths of Irishmen and Irishwomen declaring an occupation were ‘chiefly employed in trades, manufactures, or handicraft’. Nor was non-agricultural employment confined to the northeast. Aside from rural proto-industry, late 18th-century Irish cities and towns contained hundreds of factories and workshops, embodying traditional and modern technologies. The new inventions of the Industrial Revolution caught on quickly in Ireland. In addition, more traditional industries such as glass- and paper-making, the production of woollens and silks, printing, shipbuilding, sugar refining, milling, tanning, brewing, and distilling were important, though they catered largely for local markets. Many of them faced decline in the following century or so. This chapter outlines the history of some of these industries.

Keywords:   Ireland, industries, trades, manufactures, handicraft, Industrial Revolution, factories, shipbuilding, printing, milling

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