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Religious Change in Europe 1650–1914Essays for John McManners$
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Nigel Aston

Print publication date: 1997

Print ISBN-13: 9780198205968

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: October 2011

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198205968.001.0001

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Joseph II and the Monasteries of Austria and Hungary

Joseph II and the Monasteries of Austria and Hungary

Chapter:
(p.161) 8 Joseph II and the Monasteries of Austria and Hungary
Source:
Religious Change in Europe 1650–1914
Author(s):

Derek Beales

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198205968.003.0009

While it is true that the policy of the emperor Joseph II, as ruler of the Austrian Monarchy in the 1780s, has often been described, certain of its aspects have still not been adequately covered. This chapter considers some of them, using new or little-known material from the Vatican, Austrian, and Hungarian archives. It focuses on the following issues: the relationship between Maria Theresa's monastic policy and her son's; the involvement of monasteries in parochial work; hitherto unsuspected opposition to Joseph's policy at the highest level of the bureaucracy; and the impact of his legislation in Hungary, which was significantly different from its effect in Austria itself. The author attempts to open up some neglected themes and to show how much remains to be found out.

Keywords:   Joseph II, monastery, bureaucracy, Austria, Hungary, Maria Theresa

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