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The Pursuit of Power in Modern Japan 1825–1995$
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Chushichi Tsuzuki

Print publication date: 2000

Print ISBN-13: 9780198205890

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: October 2011

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198205890.001.0001

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Meiji Industrialization and its Critics

Meiji Industrialization and its Critics

Chapter:
(p.139) 7 Meiji Industrialization and its Critics
Source:
The Pursuit of Power in Modern Japan 1825–1995
Author(s):

CHUSHICHI TSUZUKI

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198205890.003.0008

As the 19th century drew to a close with Japan's industrialization proceeding at a fast pace, nationalism, both liberal and illiberal, as well as westernism, such as Minken democracy and Christianity, were themselves changing so as to accommodate the demands of new classes that had emerged out of the process of industrialization. Bare figures relating to exports and imports, though not adequate by themselves, help to clarify the nature of industrialization. Thus, this chapter spends some time looking at foreign trade. The zaibatsu emerged at an early stage of industrialization, exerting a great influence on its course. This term means ‘money clique’. The nature of interdependence between the growth of primary production and industrialization is a factor that would determine the type of economic development Japan would see. The conditions of the workers in the mid-Meiji period, the Ashio metal pollution incident and the beginning of labour organization, the case of Uchimura Kanzo, Takano Fusataro and Katayama Sen, and Kotoku Shusui and the Treason Trial are also discussed.

Keywords:   Meiji industrialization, Japan, foreign trade, zaibatsu, Ashio metal pollution, labour, Uchimura Kanzo, Takano Fusataro, Katayama Sen, Kotoku Shusui

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