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The Pursuit of Power in Modern Japan 1825–1995$
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Chushichi Tsuzuki

Print publication date: 2000

Print ISBN-13: 9780198205890

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: October 2011

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198205890.001.0001

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The Opening of the Country

The Opening of the Country

Chapter:
(p.38) 2 The Opening of the Country
Source:
The Pursuit of Power in Modern Japan 1825–1995
Author(s):

CHUSHICHI TSUZUKI

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198205890.003.0003

This chapter describes the opening of Japan. It begins by presenting the arrival of Commodore Matthew C. Perry and the Japanese response. When Commodore Perry of the American East India Squadron with his four warships arrived at the entrance of Edo Bay it was no surprise. Perry refused to move to Nagasaki to receive his reply when the Japanese urged him to do so, and hinted that he would return the following year with a much larger force should this be necessary. The chapter also considers the struggle over commercial treaties. It then reports the Ansei purge during 1858–99 and its aftermath. The attempt at Kobu-Gattai and the erosion of the Bakuhan system are evaluated as well. Next, The chapter covers the Shishi loyalists and terrorism. The term Shishi refers to the activists and terrorists in the 1860s. The Bakufu found it increasingly difficult to manoeuvre through the conflicting claims of the joi and the kaikoku. Moreover, the Choshu wars during 1864–1866 are illustrated.

Keywords:   Japan, Commodore Matthew C. Perry, Kobu-Gattai, Bakuhan system, Shishi, Bakufu, Choshu wars, joi, kaikoku

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