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The Pursuit of Power in Modern Japan 1825–1995$
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Chushichi Tsuzuki

Print publication date: 2000

Print ISBN-13: 9780198205890

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: October 2011

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198205890.001.0001

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Japan in 1825: A Crisis in Seclusion

Japan in 1825: A Crisis in Seclusion

Chapter:
(p.18) (p.19) 1 Japan in 1825: A Crisis in Seclusion
Source:
The Pursuit of Power in Modern Japan 1825–1995
Author(s):

CHUSHICHI TSUZUKI

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198205890.003.0002

This chapter concentrates on a crisis in Japan which happened in 1825. It starts by looking at the Tokugawa hegemony and the Bakuhan system. The policy of seclusion was adopted by the early Tokugawa Bakufu, which became far more sensitive than Hideyoshi had supposed it to be to the risks involved in Christian missions and foreign trade: these, it was felt, might endanger the Tokugawa hegemony, which was still a delicate creature born out of forced settlements after the Battle of Sekigahara. The chapter then describes the Tokugawa religion and Confucianism. Next, it deals with the Tokugawa economy, specifically the rise of the merchants and rural discontent. It also discusses Tokugawa Tsunayoshi and Tokugawa Yoshimune. The National Learning school had a direct impact on the restoration movement towards the end of the Bakufu's rule through its appeal to the idea of sonno (Revere the Emperor). A discussion on Rangaku or Dutch studies is given. The visions of Honda Toshiaki and Sato Nobuhiro are shown. Russia, Britain, and America cause a major threat to Japan also. Furthermore, the chapter mentions the roles of Aizawa Seishisai, Watanabe Kazan, and Takano Choei.

Keywords:   Japan, seclusion, Tokugawa hegemony, Bakuhan system, Tokugawa economy, Honda Toshiaki, Sato Nobuhiro, Russia, Britain, America

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