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The Pursuit of Power in Modern Japan 1825–1995$
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Chushichi Tsuzuki

Print publication date: 2000

Print ISBN-13: 9780198205890

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: October 2011

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198205890.001.0001

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Post-war Reconstructions

Post-war Reconstructions

Chapter:
(p.364) 17 Post-war Reconstructions
Source:
The Pursuit of Power in Modern Japan 1825–1995
Author(s):

CHUSHICHI TSUZUKI

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198205890.003.0018

The seven years of the American occupation of Japan can be divided into two periods: the period of reform devoted to the adoption of measures for ‘demilitarization and democratization’; and the period of reconstruction or restoration, in which the reform ideals were toned down or even in some cases reversed while the quick economic recovery of Japan as America's new ally was given the first priority under the emerging Cold War alignment. The latter period has often been referred to, especially among the reformists, as ‘the reverse course’. The chapter specifically discusses the dissolution of the zaibatsu, US reformists replaced by reconstructionists, the Dodge Line, consolidation of the conservatives, the Red Purge, and the Korean War, stabilization, and the San Francisco system and the ‘55 System’, The so-called 55 System was created to provide the basic political structure for nearly forty years. The chapter then examines the post-war reconstruction.

Keywords:   post-war reconstruction, American occupation, Japan, Cold War, zaibatsu, Dodge Line, Red Purge, Korean War, San Francisco system, 55 System

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