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The Pursuit of Power in Modern Japan 1825–1995$
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Chushichi Tsuzuki

Print publication date: 2000

Print ISBN-13: 9780198205890

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: October 2011

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198205890.001.0001

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Occupation Reform: Education, Women, Land, and Labour

Occupation Reform: Education, Women, Land, and Labour

Chapter:
(p.347) 16 Occupation Reform: Education, Women, Land, and Labour
Source:
The Pursuit of Power in Modern Japan 1825–1995
Author(s):

CHUSHICHI TSUZUKI

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198205890.003.0017

This chapter starts by introducing reform as an occupation policy. The ‘New Education’ was based on two principles: the maintenance of the national polity expressed in the Imperial Rescript on Education, and the elimination of militaristic ideas. It then reviews the political and civil rights of women, and the local government. Land reform was truly ‘sweeping in its scope’: it transferred the ownership of over one-third of cultivated land, and affected 70% of the agricultural, and 30% of the total population. Next, a description on labour reform is given. Furthermore, the general election of April 1947 is provided.

Keywords:   occupation policy, education, women, land, labour, occupation reform, government, political rights, civil rights

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