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The Pursuit of Power in Modern Japan 1825–1995$
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Chushichi Tsuzuki

Print publication date: 2000

Print ISBN-13: 9780198205890

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: October 2011

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198205890.001.0001

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Fascism, Militarism, and Thought Control

Fascism, Militarism, and Thought Control

(p.242) 12 Fascism, Militarism, and Thought Control
The Pursuit of Power in Modern Japan 1825–1995


Oxford University Press

This chapter describes Japanese-style fascism. Japan's ultra-nationalism was deeply ingrained on all levels. Though the Miyazaki group remained faithful in their support of Chinese nationalism, it soon became clear that other Japanese nationalists, who were also expansionsists, came to regard Chinese nationalists as enemies. Gondo Seikyo and Tachibana Kozaburo, and Kita Ikki and his national socialism are discussed. In addition, the 26 February incident, proto-fascists and fascist societies before 1936, the role of the special higher police, universities under attack, and Minobe's ‘organ theory’ are reviewed. Next, the chapter explains the last vestiges of liberalism, national socialism, and the case of Tsuda Sokichi.

Keywords:   Japanese fascism, militarism, control, Gondo Seikyo, Tachibana Kozaburo, Kita Ikki, Tsuda Sokichi, national socialism, organ theory, liberalism

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