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The Pursuit of Power in Modern Japan 1825–1995$
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Chushichi Tsuzuki

Print publication date: 2000

Print ISBN-13: 9780198205890

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: October 2011

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198205890.001.0001

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Taisho Democracy and the First World War

Taisho Democracy and the First World War

Chapter:
(p.182) 9 Taisho Democracy and the First World War
Source:
The Pursuit of Power in Modern Japan 1825–1995
Author(s):

CHUSHICHI TSUZUKI

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198205890.003.0010

When the Meiji emperor died in 1912, an era came to an end. This is an era of which the Japanese could rightly be proud as it was one of enormous success in terms of modernization, while the traditional power-structures and equally traditional social and cultural frameworks were mainly kept intact. Thus, the transition from one era to another era is reported in this chapter. The evolution of party politics, the Taisho seihen (political change), and Japan and the First World War are also detailed. In addition, the chapter considers Minponshugi or ‘people-ism’, war prosperity, the Factory Act of 1911 (enforced in 1916), and Suzuki Bunji and the Yuaikai. As the war ended, Taisho democracy seemed to be moving slowly along a path that might lead Japan to the threshold of social democracy and even beyond it, encouraged by the revolutionary events in Europe.

Keywords:   Taisho democracy, First World War, Meiji, political change, Japan, Suzuki Bunji, Yuaikai, Factory Act, Minponshugi, people-ism

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