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The Oxford History of the British Empire: Volume III: The Nineteenth Century$
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Andrew Porter

Print publication date: 1999

Print ISBN-13: 9780198205654

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: October 2011

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198205654.001.0001

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Great Britain and the Partition of Africa, 1870–1914

Great Britain and the Partition of Africa, 1870–1914

Chapter:
(p.624) 27 Great Britain and the Partition of Africa, 1870–1914
Source:
The Oxford History of the British Empire: Volume III: The Nineteenth Century
Author(s):

Colin Newbury

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198205654.003.0027

Africa's resources, of course, had been partitioned for millennia by dispersal, incorporation, and conquest among regional societies; and there were precedents for foreign empire in Algeria and at the Cape. However, this chapter concentrates on the meanings of ‘partition’ in the variety of techniques used to protect the interests of one power. The partitions in Southern Africa, Egypt, Sudan, and East, West and Central Africa to 1890 are shown. A discussion on control and conquest during 1890–1914 is described as well. Ratification of the 1898 Convention the following year and an agreement by France to stay out of the Bahr-al-Ghazal and Darfur had a significance beyond Africa. Everywhere in British Africa partition ‘changed the cultural landscape’ and left boundaries which testify to the results of conflict resolution between European powers and between the British and their successors.

Keywords:   Great Britain, British Africa partition, Africa, European powers, Egypt, Sudan, cultural landscape

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