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The Oxford History of the British Empire: Volume II: The Eighteenth Century$
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P. J. Marshall and Alaine Low

Print publication date: 1998

Print ISBN-13: 9780198205630

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: October 2011

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198205630.001.0001

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Inseparable Connections: Trade, Economy, Fiscal State, and the Expansion of Empire, 1688–1815

Inseparable Connections: Trade, Economy, Fiscal State, and the Expansion of Empire, 1688–1815

Chapter:
(p.53) 3 Inseparable Connections: Trade, Economy, Fiscal State, and the Expansion of Empire, 1688–1815
Source:
The Oxford History of the British Empire: Volume II: The Eighteenth Century
Author(s):

Patrick K. O’ Brien

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198205630.003.0003

This chapter provides a discussion on trade, economy, the fiscal state, and the expansion of the British Empire from the late 16th century to the early 18th century. In particular, it explores the connections between economic growth and Imperial expansion. It focuses on British domestic resources, latent and evolving, which made possible the acquisition of territory overseas and the enforcement of contracts required for long-term commercial relations with the Americas, Asia, Africa, and eventually, Australasia. It investigates from whom, from what, and from where in the economy the outward thrust to venture outside the realm and beyond Europe originated. It asks what structural and political conditions sustained the momentum of the thrust through major wars and minor conflicts with European powers between 1689 and the Congress of Vienna in 1815, which marked the final defeat of Iberian, Dutch, and above all French pretensions to contain British imperialism and commerce with Asia, Africa, and the Americas.

Keywords:   British Empire, trade, economy, fiscal state, Imperial expansion, Americas, Asia, Africa, Australasia, European powers

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