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Defenders of the Holy LandRelations between the Latin East and the West, 1119-1187$
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Jonathan Phillips

Print publication date: 1996

Print ISBN-13: 9780198205401

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: October 2011

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198205401.001.0001

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King Baldwin II of Jerusalem and the West

King Baldwin II of Jerusalem and the West

1 King Baldwin II of Jerusalem and the West
Defenders of the Holy Land

Jonathan Phillips

Oxford University Press

Leaving aside the exceptional circumstances that surrounded Prince Bohemond I's visit to France in 1106–7, the first occasion on which the settlers turned to the West for military assistance was after the calamitous defeat at the Battle of the Field of Blood in June 1119. It seems that the reason why the Venetians were approached was a reflection of the military situation in the Latin East. In 1123, a fleet arrived in the eastern Mediterranean and defeated an Egyptian squadron off Ascalon. In the 12th century, the Latin East was in a constant state of war with its neighbours. There was great emphasis on military strength and leadership in battle and in such circumstances it was usually essential in the eyes of contemporaries for there to be male rulers.

Keywords:   Bohemond, Battle of the Field of Blood, Venetians, Latin East, Ascalon

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