It could be said that Spain lost her Empire twice over. In the early 19th century she lost her colonies on mainland America after protracted wars of independence. And at the end of the century, Spain lost the remnants of her old overseas empire after the Spanish–American War of 1898. The loss of all of Spain's mainland American Empire by the mid-1820s was the result of the fragility of her imperial system in a new age of national revolution. The paternalist bonds joining the Empire together were severely weakened by Napoleon's invasion of the Iberian peninsula in 1808 and after his defeat, by the domestic conflict in Spain between absolutism and liberalism. The imperial system, designed both for the glory of the monarch and the Church and for the economic benefit of the metropolis, disintegrated under the impact of war and civil war at its heart.
Oxford Scholarship Online requires a subscription or purchase to access the full text of books within the service. Public users can however freely search the site and view the abstracts and keywords for each book and chapter.
If you think you should have access to this title, please contact your librarian.