Jump to ContentJump to Main Navigation
The Return of the ArmadasThe Last Years of the Elizabethan War against Spain 1595-1603$
Users without a subscription are not able to see the full content.

R. B. Wernham

Print publication date: 1994

Print ISBN-13: 9780198204435

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: October 2011

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198204435.001.0001

Show Summary Details
Page of

PRINTED FROM OXFORD SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.oxfordscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Oxford University Press, 2019. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in OSO for personal use. date: 21 November 2019

Drake and Hawkins's Last Voyage, 1595–1596

Drake and Hawkins's Last Voyage, 1595–1596

Chapter:
(p.45) III Drake and Hawkins's Last Voyage, 1595–1596
Source:
The Return of the Armadas
Author(s):

R. B. Wernham

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198204435.003.0004

The long gestated expedition of Sir Francis Drake and Sir John Hawkins got away to a very stuttering start. The reasons for the delay are unclear. Possibly there had been difficulties over getting the contributions of private backers. The decision to promise shipowners shares in the hoped-for booty in place of tonnage money and the same to soldiers in place of wages seems to point in that direction. But the effect of the delay was disastrous. Spain sent four galleys to raid Penzance and the neighbouring villages, heightening Elizabeth I's perennial anxiety over the danger of Spanish invasion. But what most stirred her concern and the concern of her advisers was the crop of reports beginning to come in at just this time of great preparations in Spanish ports, preparations said to be greater than those of 1588 and aimed against Ireland that year and England for the following year. Accordingly, Drake and Hawkins were immediately ordered to sail towards the Irish coast and prevent any attempted landings there.

Keywords:   Francis Drake, John Hawkins, expedition, England, Spain, Elizabeth I, Penzance, Ireland

Oxford Scholarship Online requires a subscription or purchase to access the full text of books within the service. Public users can however freely search the site and view the abstracts and keywords for each book and chapter.

Please, subscribe or login to access full text content.

If you think you should have access to this title, please contact your librarian.

To troubleshoot, please check our FAQs , and if you can't find the answer there, please contact us .