Jump to ContentJump to Main Navigation
Byzantium and the Crusader States 1096–1204$
Users without a subscription are not able to see the full content.

Ralph-Johannes Lilie

Print publication date: 1994

Print ISBN-13: 9780198204077

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: October 2011

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198204077.001.0001

Show Summary Details
Page of

PRINTED FROM OXFORD SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.oxfordscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Oxford University Press, 2019. All Rights Reserved. Under the terms of the licence agreement, an individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in OSO for personal use (for details see www.oxfordscholarship.com/page/privacy-policy).date: 25 June 2019

Expectations and Dissensions: The First Crusade and Byzantium (1096–1098)

Expectations and Dissensions: The First Crusade and Byzantium (1096–1098)

Chapter:
(p.1) 1 Expectations and Dissensions: The First Crusade and Byzantium (1096–1098)
Source:
Byzantium and the Crusader States 1096–1204
Author(s):

Ralph-Johannes Lilie

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198204077.003.0001

In November 1095 Pope Urban II, at the Council of Clermont, called the chivalry of the Western world to the rescue of the Christian East oppressed by the enemies of the Cross. The response to this appeal surpassed all expectations. Not only the chivalry, who in general profited by the challenge, but also the lower classes rose in their masses in response to the Pope's appeal. But the general response to Urban's appeal was significantly different from what he originally intended. The Pope's original intention was for primarily defensive action. It was to be action in support of the Byzantine Empire which, since the defeat of Manzikert in 1071 in Asia Minor, saw itself threatened by the more powerful pressure of the Seljuks and already had appealed to the West, several times, for help against this. From the beginning there were strains and misunderstandings between crusaders and Byzantines, which bedevilled relationships between them. None the less they depended on each other — Byzantium for the reasons given above, the Westerners because without Byzantium the success of their undertaking was completely impossible.

Keywords:   Byzantine Empire, Pope Urban II, chivalry, Manzikert, Eastern Christianity

Oxford Scholarship Online requires a subscription or purchase to access the full text of books within the service. Public users can however freely search the site and view the abstracts and keywords for each book and chapter.

Please, subscribe or login to access full text content.

If you think you should have access to this title, please contact your librarian.

To troubleshoot, please check our FAQs , and if you can't find the answer there, please contact us .