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A Patriot PressNational Politics and the London Press in the 1740s$
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Robert Harris

Print publication date: 1993

Print ISBN-13: 9780198203780

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: October 2011

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198203780.001.0001

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Patriots, Old Whigs, and Nominal Tories

Patriots, Old Whigs, and Nominal Tories

(p.48) 2 Patriots, Old Whigs, and Nominal Tories
A Patriot Press


Oxford University Press

This chapter examines the influence of the ideology of patriotism on the political role of the press of the 1740s, showing that conflict between patriotism and the court superseded and blurred Whig–Tory rivalry. The Whig–Tory polarity became submerged in the patriot — ministerial division, seeking to identify themselves with the patriot cause. One other feature of the conflict between patriotism and court was the decline of patriotism, a consequence of Pulteney's ‘great betrayal’ of the patriot cause following Walpole's fall. Among the essay papers of 1740s, by far the most influential were the Old England Journal and the Westminister Journal. Patriotism's greatest beneficiaries were neither the Tories nor the opposition Whigs, but the Pelhams. The decline of patriotism, under the stimulus of successive betrayals and the '45, was largely the ministry's gain.

Keywords:   patriotism, Whig–Tory rivalry, Pulteney, Walpole, Old English Journal, Westminster Journal, Whigs, Tories, Pelhams

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