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Mombasa, the Swahili, and the Making of the Mijikenda$
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Justin Willis

Print publication date: 1993

Print ISBN-13: 9780198203209

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: October 2011

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198203209.001.0001

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Planning Mombasa

Planning Mombasa

(p.145) 7 Planning Mombasa
Mombasa, the Swahili, and the Making of the Mijikenda

Justin Willis

Oxford University Press

This chapter describes what efforts were made to reshape the town of Mombasa through town planning by the administration. In Mombasa, the authorities sought to remake urban physical space in order to change the social relationships. Official discourse around the planning of the town invoked an imagery of moral and physical contamination, which emphasized the importance of establishing proper boundaries and preventing the incorporation of even more migrants into the Swahili population. But the implementation of these plans in the town was considerably delayed. While serious planning had begun under Hobley in 1913, the remaking of the town began only in the later 1920s, and came some time after the peak of attempts to enforce the policies of separation in the hinterland.

Keywords:   town planning, social relationships, contamination, Swahili population, Hobley, hinterland

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