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Revolution and the RepublicA History of Political Thought in France since the Eighteenth Century$
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Jeremy Jennings

Print publication date: 2011

Print ISBN-13: 9780198203131

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: September 2011

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198203131.001.0001

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France, Intellectuals, and Engagement

France, Intellectuals, and Engagement

(p.440) 10 France, Intellectuals, and Engagement
Revolution and the Republic

Jeremy Jennings

Oxford University Press

This chapter begins with an analysis of debates about the meaning of France in the aftermath of the Franco-Prussian war. Having examined the nature of anti-Semitism at this time, it explores the polemics associated with the Dreyfus Affair and the emergence of the intellectual as a political actor. Charting the revival of nationalism it explores the response of French thinkers to the First World War and the subsequent events that were to shape inter-war opinion. It looks in particular at the controversy over the role of the intellectual associated with Julien Benda and Paul Nizan. From this follows an extended discussion among intellectuals about the appropriate role of political engagement after the Second World War. The key figures under discussion are Camus, Sartre, Simone de Beauvoir, Raymond Aron, and Michel Foucault.

Keywords:   France, intellectuals, engagement, anti-Semitism, Dreyfus Affair, Julien Benda, Paul Nizan, Sartre, Camus, Aron

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