In June 1215 the barons chose twenty-five of their number for the commission envisaged in cap. 60 of Magna Carta. Three members of the Twenty-Five had been guarantors of the safe-conduct given to the barons in January. Two certainly, and probably a further four, had only turned against the King within the last month. Only eight of the Twenty-Five had major territorial interests in the north. Four of these, William de Fors, John de Lacy, Robert de Ros, and John fitz Robert, were recent recruits to the rebellion. The composition of the committee represents a marked dilution of the opposition to the King, a dilution in the sense that the old recalcitrant element of 1214 was now in a small minority. The period between January and June was one of repeated, almost continuous negotiation. Throughout, a vital role was played by two men who must have had a moderating influence on both parties, Archbishop Stephen Langton and William Marshal, Earl of Pembroke.
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