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The NorthernersA Study in the Reign of King John$
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J. C. Holt

Print publication date: 1992

Print ISBN-13: 9780198203094

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: October 2011

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198203094.001.0001

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(p.109) VII Runnymede
The Northerners

J. C. Holt

Oxford University Press

In June 1215 the barons chose twenty-five of their number for the commission envisaged in cap. 60 of Magna Carta. Three members of the Twenty-Five had been guarantors of the safe-conduct given to the barons in January. Two certainly, and probably a further four, had only turned against the King within the last month. Only eight of the Twenty-Five had major territorial interests in the north. Four of these, William de Fors, John de Lacy, Robert de Ros, and John fitz Robert, were recent recruits to the rebellion. The composition of the committee represents a marked dilution of the opposition to the King, a dilution in the sense that the old recalcitrant element of 1214 was now in a small minority. The period between January and June was one of repeated, almost continuous negotiation. Throughout, a vital role was played by two men who must have had a moderating influence on both parties, Archbishop Stephen Langton and William Marshal, Earl of Pembroke.

Keywords:   King John, rebellion, John de Lacy, rebels, Archbishop Stephen Langton, William Marshal, negotiation, William de Fors, Robert de Ros, John fritz Robert

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