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The Internationalization of ColonialismBritain, France, and Black Africa 1939-1956$
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John Kent

Print publication date: 1992

Print ISBN-13: 9780198203025

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: October 2011

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198203025.001.0001

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The Conversion of AOF and the Problems of Supply and Wartime Organization in West Africa, 1942–1945

The Conversion of AOF and the Problems of Supply and Wartime Organization in West Africa, 1942–1945

Chapter:
(p.85) 4 The Conversion of AOF and the Problems of Supply and Wartime Organization in West Africa, 1942–1945
Source:
The Internationalization of Colonialism
Author(s):

John Kent

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198203025.003.0005

On the night of November 7–8, 1942, an Anglo-American force of 110,000 troops landed at various points along the coastline of North Africa. The operation encountered several difficulties, but its success was assured when the Commander-in-Chief of the French armed forces, Admiral Jean-Francois Darlan, ordered a ceasefire that was fully implemented by November 12. Amidst much controversy, a formal agreement was concluded by Darlan and General Dwight Eisenhower which ensured effective Allied control over the area without additional bloodshed. The re-entry into World War II of French North Africa could not fail to have a profound impact on Afrique Occidentale Française (AOF), which in theory was subject to control from Algiers. As soon as the agreement in the North was concluded, Eisenhower allowed an emissary from Darlan’s group to proceed to Dakar in order to secure the rallying of AOF.

Keywords:   Britain, France, Jean-François Darlan, Dwight Eisenhower, French North Africa, Afrique Occidentale Française, World War II

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