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Suez 1956The Crisis and its Consequences$
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Wm. Roger Louis and Roger Owen

Print publication date: 1991

Print ISBN-13: 9780198202417

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: October 2011

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198202417.001.0001

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Nasser and the Struggle for Independence

Nasser and the Struggle for Independence

(p.31) 2 Nasser and the Struggle for Independence
Suez 1956

Ali E. Hillal Dessouki

Oxford University Press

This chapter judges that Nasser was representative of his generation of Egyptian nationalists whose formative experience was the British occupation of their country. Foreign troops and military bases shaped the Egyptian national consciousness. This danger did not cease to exist in 1954 when British troops began to withdraw from the Canal Zone. Nasser wished to break the economic grip of the European powers in the Middle East and to neutralize or destroy the military alliance known as the Baghdad Pact consisting of Britain, Iraq, Turkey, Iran, and Pakistan. In his quest for a pan-Arab movement, Nasser made a populist appeal, over the heads of the leaders of the countries of the pact, to Arabs throughout the Middle East.

Keywords:   military bases, Middle East, Baghdad Pact, nationalist movement, British occupation, Nasser

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