This chapter presents the history of the Conservative Party since the late nineteenth century and suggests a cyclical chronological pattern of failure and success. It notes that during the nineteenth century, the Conservatives had accepted parliamentary government, and the fact that after resistance changes had to be accepted and indeed could be controlled. The chapter discusses the dominance of the Conservative Party from 1886–1906. It describes the changes that occurred in the party during 1906–24, when a new office of Chairman of the Party Organization was being set up. The chapter also talks about the dominance of Baldwinian consensus during 1924–40, and explains that the fall of the National Government in May 1940 and its replacement by a genuine coalition under Winston Churchill ushered in another period of transition. It describes the Conservative hegemony in 1951–64, as well as in 1979–90, and discusses that, in 1964, rethinking of policy and organizational reform occurred.
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