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The Medieval Crown of AragonA Short History$
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Thomas N. Bisson

Print publication date: 1991

Print ISBN-13: 9780198202363

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: October 2011

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198202363.001.0001

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Peter the Ceremonious and his Sons (1336–1410)

Peter the Ceremonious and his Sons (1336–1410)

(p.104) V Peter the Ceremonious and his Sons (1336–1410)
The Medieval Crown of Aragon

T. N. Bisson

Oxford University Press

During the long reign of Peter IV (III in Catalonia, 1336–87), the Crown of Aragon reached its apogee as a federative state. The achievement owed much to the ruler once again, for it required a stubborn insistence on dynastic right to prevent Majorca, Sardinia, and Sicily from spinning off into irreversible and abrasive independence. More clearly than his ancestors Peter IV came to view these lands as integrally bound up with Catalonia, Aragon, and Valencia, which he inhabited and traversed as a composite homeland. Yet if it proved the strength people then allowed to dynastic fortune, Peter's reign none the less illustrated its fragility. Every perilous event of the reign was connected with marriage and its issue, with familial claims to land, with the want of heirs when needed or (in the case of Majorca) with their unwelcome survival. That Peter overcame his more tangible difficulties was not, however, due solely to dynastic luck. His settlements with his subjects and enemies confirmed a new order of privileged societies in his peninsular realms as well as a convivencia that his sons John I and Martin were fortunate to inherit. This chapter discusses the reconquest of Majorca (1341–1349), the crisis of the unions, wars against Genoa, the Castilian war, the reign of John I (1387–1396), and reign of Martin I (1396–1410).

Keywords:   Peter IV, convivencia, Castilian war, John I, Martin I, Genoa, Majorca, Valencia

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