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Majnūn: The Madman in Medieval Islamic Society$
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Michael W. Dols

Print publication date: 1992

Print ISBN-13: 9780198202219

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: October 2011

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198202219.001.0001

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The Reformulation of Greek Medicine

The Reformulation of Greek Medicine

(p.48) 3 The Reformulation of Greek Medicine
Majnūn: The Madman in Medieval Islamic Society

Michael W. Dols

Diana E. Immisch

Oxford University Press

This chapter illustrates how Greek medical knowledge was reworked, together with clinical experience, into what is called Islamic medicine. Medical knowledge, primarily Greek medicine, is revealed in a work called the al-lfawl. Regarding the issue of mental illness, the al-lfawl reveals information that was inherited from the past, information that was added by the famous physician, ar-Razi, who tried to avoid speculation. With regard to later works this became medical doctrine. Thoroughly conversant with Galen's works, ar-Razi took Galen as his exemplar and drew heavily on his teachings. The medical topics in the Kitab al-ljawl, which are also examined here, usually begin with extensive quotations from Galenic works, which are followed by briefer citations from many other authors, and, then, ar-Razi makes his own comments.

Keywords:   Greek medicine, clinical experience, al-lfdwl, ar-Razi, medical knowledge, Galenic works, melancholic delusion

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