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Majnūn: The Madman in Medieval Islamic Society$
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Michael W. Dols

Print publication date: 1992

Print ISBN-13: 9780198202219

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: October 2011

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198202219.001.0001

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The Reformulation of Greek Medicine

The Reformulation of Greek Medicine

Chapter:
(p.48) 3 The Reformulation of Greek Medicine
Source:
Majnūn: The Madman in Medieval Islamic Society
Author(s):

Michael W. Dols

Diana E. Immisch

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198202219.003.0004

This chapter illustrates how Greek medical knowledge was reworked, together with clinical experience, into what is called Islamic medicine. Medical knowledge, primarily Greek medicine, is revealed in a work called the al-lfawl. Regarding the issue of mental illness, the al-lfawl reveals information that was inherited from the past, information that was added by the famous physician, ar-Razi, who tried to avoid speculation. With regard to later works this became medical doctrine. Thoroughly conversant with Galen's works, ar-Razi took Galen as his exemplar and drew heavily on his teachings. The medical topics in the Kitab al-ljawl, which are also examined here, usually begin with extensive quotations from Galenic works, which are followed by briefer citations from many other authors, and, then, ar-Razi makes his own comments.

Keywords:   Greek medicine, clinical experience, al-lfdwl, ar-Razi, medical knowledge, Galenic works, melancholic delusion

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