Jump to ContentJump to Main Navigation
Majnūn: The Madman in Medieval Islamic Society$
Users without a subscription are not able to see the full content.

Michael W. Dols

Print publication date: 1992

Print ISBN-13: 9780198202219

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: October 2011

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198202219.001.0001

Show Summary Details
Page of

PRINTED FROM OXFORD SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.oxfordscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Oxford University Press, 2020. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in OSO for personal use. date: 28 January 2020

Galen and Mental Illness

Galen and Mental Illness

Chapter:
(p.17) 1 Galen and Mental Illness
Source:
Majnūn: The Madman in Medieval Islamic Society
Author(s):

Michael W. Dols

Diana E. Immisch

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198202219.003.0002

This chapter aims to describe and to explain the development of the medical notion of insanity in Greek medicine, primarily the 2nd-century writings of Galen. Before the Islamic era, Hippocratic medicine had been considerably augmented by the works of Galen in the 2nd century ad. Although the Hippocratic corpus was always highly esteemed in the Middle Ages, it was overshadowed by Galen because of the extent and nature of his writings. When Galen came to explain psychic disorders, he relied on humoral theory which stated that mental disturbances resulted mainly from humoral imbalances in the brain that damaged its functioning. Medical treatment aimed at re-establishing the balance of the bodily humours, primarily on the principle of contraries, or at removing or moderating the effect of physical causes, especially by evacuations and drugs.

Keywords:   Galen, mental illness, Greek medicine, psychic disorder, humoral theory, mental disturbances

Oxford Scholarship Online requires a subscription or purchase to access the full text of books within the service. Public users can however freely search the site and view the abstracts and keywords for each book and chapter.

Please, subscribe or login to access full text content.

If you think you should have access to this title, please contact your librarian.

To troubleshoot, please check our FAQs , and if you can't find the answer there, please contact us .