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Bound for AmericaThe Transportation of British Convicts to the Colonies, 1718-1775$
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A. Roger Ekirch

Print publication date: 1990

Print ISBN-13: 9780198202110

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: October 2011

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198202110.001.0001

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Trouble in the Chesapeake?

Trouble in the Chesapeake?

Chapter:
(p.167) 6 Trouble in the Chesapeake?
Source:
Bound for America
Author(s):

A. Roger Ekirch

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198202110.003.0008

The American shores became a dumping ground for British criminals and these criminals posed a serious threat to the provincial society of America and they spread lawlessness across the county. These transported white convicts were responsible for most of the crimes committed during the 18th century in America. Transportation did not change the moral character of the imported convicts and most of them remained involved in crime and other evil activities. In 1721, Maryland's provincial court stated that criminal prosecutions increased after the transportation of these white convicts. Then Governor Gooch also blamed increased lawlessness in Virginia on the transported convicts. However, these uprisings were rare in Chesapeake because many convicts migrated to new localities after the expiry of their servitude, hence diffusing any threat to the social peace.

Keywords:   Chesapeake, America, 18th century, social peace, transportation

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