Jump to ContentJump to Main Navigation
Bound for AmericaThe Transportation of British Convicts to the Colonies, 1718-1775$
Users without a subscription are not able to see the full content.

A. Roger Ekirch

Print publication date: 1990

Print ISBN-13: 9780198202110

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: October 2011

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198202110.001.0001

Show Summary Details
Page of

PRINTED FROM OXFORD SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.oxfordscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Oxford University Press, 2019. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in OSO for personal use. date: 20 August 2019

The Rough Trade

The Rough Trade

Chapter:
(p.70) 3 The Rough Trade
Source:
Bound for America
Author(s):

A. Roger Ekirch

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198202110.003.0005

The first phase of the transportation process was exile from England, but there was no proper and clear policy for transportation during those early days. During the trial, and what followed, convicts needed to be assembled and shipped across the Atlantic as cargo on other ships. Until 1718 convicts were carried in irregular shipments by merchants or in some cases they needed to make their own arrangements to transport themselves. Many merchants refused to transport women as they proved difficult to market in the colonies. In August 1718, the Treasury gave a contract to a London-based merchant to ship convicts from London and seven nearby counties for a sum of £3 per convict. After this, many merchants signed bonds guaranteeing that they would ship the convicts regardless of age, physical condition, or sex.

Keywords:   transportation, the treasury, bonds, shipping, convicts, merchant

Oxford Scholarship Online requires a subscription or purchase to access the full text of books within the service. Public users can however freely search the site and view the abstracts and keywords for each book and chapter.

Please, subscribe or login to access full text content.

If you think you should have access to this title, please contact your librarian.

To troubleshoot, please check our FAQs , and if you can't find the answer there, please contact us .