This chapter sheds some significant light on the social history of crime, criminals, punishments, and law enforcement in England in the 16th, 17th, and 18th centuries. The crime rate grew and many offences were committed not only by professional criminals, but by the needy poor as well. Poverty was not only to be blamed, wealth and industrial revolution in London, Bristol, Liverpool, and many other cities provided suitable ground for criminals and thieves. The Crown officers tried to stem the rising crime around London and nearby but the law-enforcement agencies were ill-equipped compared to France and other monarchies in Europe. London lacked a professional police and was heavily depended on the amateur guardians who worked under an onerous workload.
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