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Greece and the Inter-War Economic Crisis$
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Mark Mazower

Print publication date: 1991

Print ISBN-13: 9780198202059

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: October 2011

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198202059.001.0001

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Bourgeois Dilemmas

Bourgeois Dilemmas

Chapter:
(p.294) 11 Bourgeois Dilemmas
Source:
Greece and the Inter-War Economic Crisis
Author(s):

MARK MAZOWER

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198202059.003.0011

This chapter examines why, despite the upswing after 1932, parliamentary democracy failed to ride out the transition to a new form of economic development; and what this failure tells us about the political priorities of the Greek elite. It argues that for most bourgeois politicians and their associates in the state apparatus, parliamentary democracy was in the last resort dispensable. Like their Romanian and Italian counterparts, Greek Liberals did not turn out to be committed democrats. Their commitment to parliamentary sovereignty, which had brought them into conflict with the Crown in their early years in power, began to wane between the two world wars. When the economic crisis altered popular attitudes towards politics and fuelled demands for a more interventionist state, they opted more readily for repression than for reform.

Keywords:   parliamentary democracy, Greek politics, financial crisis, economic policy, Venizelos

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