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Liberty and LocalityParliament, Permissive Legislation, and Ratepayers' Democracies in the Nineteenth Century$
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John Prest

Print publication date: 1990

Print ISBN-13: 9780198201755

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: October 2011

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198201755.001.0001

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2. Outline
Liberty and Locality

John Prest

Oxford University Press

This chapter discusses the various methods employed by the localities and centre of the Isle of Wight to deal with problems of town improvement and public health. Four towns — Newport, West Cowes, Ryde, and Ventnor — possessed local Acts. In Whippingham and West Cowes, ratepayers took advantage of the Health of Towns Act of 1848 and petitioned the General Board to establish a Local Board of Health, and West Cowes secured one. The Local Government Act of 1858 was adopted by meetings of ratepayers of in East Cowes, Sandown, and Shanklin. Finally, the elected Commissioners at Ventnor and the elected Town Council at Newport adopted the Act hesitantly in stages.

Keywords:   Isle of Wight, town improvement, public health, Health of Towns Act, Local Board of Health, Local Government Act

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