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Old Friends New EnemiesVolume 2: The Pacific War 1942-1945$
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Arthur J. Marder, Mark Jacobsen, and John Horsfield

Print publication date: 1990

Print ISBN-13: 9780198201502

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: October 2011

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198201502.001.0001

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To Colombo and Beyond

To Colombo and Beyond

(p.219) IX To Colombo and Beyond
Old Friends New Enemies

Arthur J. Marder

Oxford University Press

The first section of this chapter describes the formation of the ‘Trident’ Conference and the ‘Quadrant’ Conference. It discusses the British alternatives to ‘Anakim’, the famine in Bengal, the surrender of the Italian fleet, the proposals to use Italian battleships in the Pacific–American opposition, and the succession of Admiral Andrew Cunningham after the death of Admiral Pound. The second section describes the Japanese fears of British attack, the defenceless IJA against British combined operations, and the ‘Absolute National Defence Sphere’. The last section discusses the war against trade. It describes the limited use of convoys in the Indian Ocean, U-boat successes, the vulnerability of unescorted ships, and Japanese submarine atrocities.

Keywords:   Anakim, Britain, Italian fleet, Japan, Andrew Cunningham, Indian Ocean, U-boat

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